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Hospital Universitario La Zarzuela Madrid

MULTIDISCIPLINARY UNITS

Cancer Advice and Care Unit (UCCO)

The Cancer Advice and Care Unit (UCCO) s all of the areas that can contribute to improving our patients' well-being and quality of life. All of our services are part of an integrated, continuous plan, designed to provide patients with the care and resources they need in a nearby location. This allows their illnesses to be treated under the best conditions possible.

IN IT YOU WILL FIND THESE SPECIFIC UNITS:

  • Medical Oncology: the general oncology unit, which performs research, diagnosis and treatments for adult cancer. This unit evaluates the diagnostic test results and applies the appropriate treatments for each pathology.
  • Haematological Cancer Unit: responsible for treating structural and biochemical disorders found in the blood and haematopoietic organs, which may lead to cancer-related illnesses.
  • Child Oncology Unit: dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of the various neoplasias produced in the paediatric age group. Childhood cancer differs from adult cancer in that its biology is different, and in the fact that the genetic factors carry more weight than environment in the development of the neoplasm.
  • Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology Unit: dedicated to the study, diagnosis and treatment of cancer in this particular age group. It evaluates the diagnostic test results and determines the appropriate treatment for each pathology, taking into consideration the age of the patient, since the illness may affect younger patients differently than adults.
  • Geriatric Oncology: The Geriatric Oncology programme s four basic elements: oncological evaluation, comprehensive geriatric evaluation, the onco-geriatric committee, and the home medical assistance unit.

 

 

ACCOMPANIMENT OF PATIENTS

We stay with you through the entire process.

To remain by your side, always attentive to your needs at any time of your life, but especially during treatment.

The UCCO's top priority is to eradicate cancer through programmes that integrate cancer prevention, care, and research.

At the Sanitas UCCO, we know that cancer is more than just an illness. That is why we do not treat cancer -- we treat patients with cancer.

We have designed a series of value-added medical services, which in combination with the best oncological treatments, make the entire process easier.

At the UCCO, we know that being diagnosed with an illness can sometimes come as a difficult shock, and we realise that our patients may be both physically and emotionally affected.

For this reason, we handle things quickly, have a continuous, 24/7 timetable, develop sporting and relaxation programmes for you, and support your family throughout the entire process by providing free cancer psychology, residence management services for people who have to spend time away from home, and more.

CARE FOR YOU AND YOUR FAMILY

For psychological assessment and support during the treatment process, from the very ning. Family members can also receive assistance when d.

This is available during chemotherapy and hospitalization, as well as at the patient's home. The objective is to complement the care offered by the hospital and its treatments, providing a substitute for the primary caregiver as well as emotional support for patients and their families. Activities for entertainment and recreation are also offered, as well as help with hospital paperwork and other social assistance.

In the oncology offices, patients and their families can receive advice regarding cancer and family heredity. The patient will be referred for consultation with the family genetics office if this is indicated, in order to initiate the necessary genetic studies.

Free lodging is offered for child and adult patients and their families.

The UCCO doesn't treat cancer but rather it treats patients with cancer, providing all of the appropriate services. The range of assistance has been expanded to family members, with integrated services available for all patients in order to address the entire scope of their realities.

FUNCTIONAL AREAS AND UNITS

In the Gynaecological Cancer Unit, the specialists at  the UCCO provide care for all types of gynaecological cancers, including:

  • Pre-invasive and invasive cervical cancer
  • Endometrial cancer.
  • Ovarian cancer.
  • Pre-invasive and invasive disease of the vulva.
  • Patients in the gynaecological cancer programme receive the most up-to-date treatments, with a team of specialists who evaluate patient profiles and determine the treatment to be followed.

Our team of professionals is made up of: gynaecological oncologists, radiologists, specialized nurses, genetic counsellors, dieticians, and cancer psychologists.

Our team is made up of a group of health care professionals, who use clinical symptoms and the necessary technical equipment to diagnose, treat, and provide personalised follow-up care for patients with breast-related illnesses.

Because of the importance of this type of cancer and the large number of patients suffering from it, our team is made up of surgeons, cosmetic surgeons, gynaecologists, radiologists, nuclear medicine specialists, oncologists, specialized nurses, and cancer psychologists. In this unit, special importance is placed on resources for breast reconstruction, whether immediate or delayed. Also, onco-plastic surgery techniques are performed to ensure the best aesthetic results from breast conserving surgery.

 

 In the general urology unit, the UCCO medical team treats any illness or pathology that affects the urinary tract, supra-renal area, retroperitoneum, and pelvic cavity,

with treatment of tumours and surgical procedures performed when necessary. Patients in the urological cancer programme receive the most advanced treatments available, from a team of specialists made up of urologists, oncologists, specialised surgeons, anaesthetists, specialised nurses, and cancer psychologists.

 UCCO's digestive tract cancer team is specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of various types of pathologies: colon and rectal cancer, stomach cancer, cancer of the oesophagus, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, retroperitoneal cancer, and bile duct cancer.

The treatment s personalized care and assistance, surgery, chemotherapy, and other medical services such as specialised nursing and cancer psychology.

 The UCCO doesn't treat cancer but rather it treats patients with cancer, providing all of the appropriate services. The range of assistance has been expanded to family members, with integrated services available for all patients in order to address the entire scope of their realities.

 The UCCO's Dermatological Cancer Unit is responsible for treating skin cancer, using innovative techniques for both diagnosis and treatment.

This unit's team is made up of oncologists, dermatologists, and surgeons, who study and treat problems involving melanoma and pigmented cutaneous cancer lesions.

 The UCCO's Endocrinological Cancer Unit treats thyroid cancer and performs surgical procedures including open and laparoscopic supra-renal surgery, among other types.

Our team is made up of neurologists, oncologists, surgeons, anaesthetists, specialised nurses, and cancer psychologists.

 The Head and Neck Cancer Unit is responsible for treatment of localized tumours in the paranasal sinuses, the nasopharynx, the oropharynx  (tonsils, soft palate, base of the tongue), hypopharynx, oral cavity (mucus membranes, hard palate, tongue and floor of the mouth, and salivary glands).

The most common treatments for head and neck tumours are chemotherapeutic surgery and radiotherapy.

Our team is made up of surgeons, anaesthesiologists, oncologists, specialized nurses, and cancer psychologists. This unit also has specialized surgical equipment available for complex procedures involving reconstructive techniques.

 The UCCO's Endocrinological Cancer Unit treats thyroid cancer and performs surgical procedures including open and laparoscopic supra-renal surgery, among other types.

Our team is made up of neurologists, oncologists, surgeons, anaesthetists, specialised nurses, and cancer psychologists.

 The Neuro-Oncology Unit is responsible for treating brain tumours and the neurological complications caused by cancer that affects other organs, such as the neurotoxic effects of chemotherapy or the paraneoplastic syndromes caused by cancer-related cerebral inflammation.

This unit's specialised team is made up of oncologists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, pathologists, specialised nurses, and cancer psychologists.

 The Eye Cancer Unit is responsible for detecting, treating, and monitoring patients with choroidal hemangioma, choroidal melanoma, choroidal metastasis, choroidal nevi, conjunctival tumours, eyelid tumours, and eye socket tumours.

Our specialised team is made up of oncologists, ophthalmologists, surgeons, specialised nurses, and cancer psychologists.

 During treatment, allergic reactions or hypersensitivity can develop in relation to certain cytostatic agents. If this occurs, a study will be initiated in collaboration with the allergy service, and if a hypersensitivity or allergy related to the d cytostatic agent is documented, desensitisation treatments will be performed. This is to prevent the patient from being deprived of an effective treatment.

 The Haematological Cancer Unit covers a broad range of illnesses, including the leukaemias (acute and chronic), lymphomas, myelomas, myelodysplastic syndromes, and myeloproliferative disorders. These blood-related conditions can affect people of all ages-- from young children to senior citizens.

The various onco-hematological treatments utilised are very distinct: chemotherapy via the oral, intravenous, or subcutaneous injection routes, radiotherapy, or hematopoietic stem cell transplants.

MORE INFORMATION

Different types of cancer are generally given the name of the part of the body they first to develop. These names stay the same, even if the cancer spreads to other parts of the body.

The different types of cancer vary in the symptoms they present, their manners of growth and reproduction, and their reaction to treatments.

Cancer is among one of the top causes of death in developed ries. However, prevention and early detection of cancer can help reduce the mortality rates for this disease.

Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of a group of cells in any organ of the body. In many cases, this uncontrolled growth forms a mass known as a tumour, which compresses the surrounding tissues, causing a variety of symptoms.

There are a variety of factors that increase the risk of certain types of cancer. It has been proven that genetic predisposition can exist, but there are also habits that can increase the change of getting cancer, such as smoking tobacco and consuming a diet high in red meat and saturated fats.

In women, the most common type of cancer is breast cancer, followed by lunch cancer, cervical cancer, colon cancer, etc.

In men, lung cancer is the type of cancer causing most deaths; colon cancer, prostate cancer, etc. are also common.

Malignant tumours have the ability to healthy cells with cancerous cells, and to spread these cells to other parts of the body. When one type of cancer spreads to another part of the body, it does not become another type of cancer. It is the same cancer in a new place. This makes it very important to find the location the cancer first began.

Metastasis can take place in many ways: through the lymphatic system, through the blood, through diffusion in body spaces such as the abdominal cavity, or by means of implantation. Cancer can spread by more than one route, although the lymphatic system is cancer's more common manner of spreading.

First, a healthy lifestyle is essential, including avoiding tobacco, excessive consumption of alcohol, and unprotected exposure to UV rays. It is also important to eat a balanced diet that s plenty of fresh fruits and vege, while avoiding excessive consumption of saturated fats, fried foods, and red meat.

There are also types of medical exams and check-ups oriented towards early detection of various types of cancer (Pap staining studies, mammograms, breast self-examinations, blood tests for the specific prostate antigen, tests to detect blood in faecal matter, etc.).

Early diagnosis allows cancer to be detected in its first stages, increasing the possibilities for effective treatment.

Treatment options surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and palliative treatments.

The treatment has two objectives:

  1. Help maintain and improve the quality of life while prolonging life for as long as possible.
  2. To maintain the balance between quality and quantity of life.

Treatment options surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, as well as others such as rest and palliative care.

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